It is a crime, which at its simplest, is an act of intentionally and wrongfully taking goods or property belonging to another without permission. The crime of shoplifting is theft from a store, and charges for shoplifting can range from a simple infraction or misdemeanor to a felony, depending on state criminal law and what you steal. Socrates is a man. Therefore Socrates is mortal. In example 2, the first statement is false, but the form or structure of the argument is correct or valid. (If all men were green; then Socrates would be also.) In examples 3 and 4, the first statement says something about some men, not about all men.
The Guide to Grammar and Writing contains scores of digital handouts on grammar and English usage, over 170 computer-graded quizzes, recommendations on writing -- from basic problems in subject-verb agreement and the use of articles to exercises in parallel structures and help with argumentative essays, and a way to submit questions about grammar and writing.
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